When it comes to installing an outdoor security camera, planning the layout and route of the wires can be a daunting task of its own. Outdoor wireless security cameras offer the benefit of being free from cables that tether the camera to the rest of the network and recording or monitoring components. Outdoor wireless security cameras relieve a number of problems and possible weak points posed by exposed cables while the camera itself is built strong enough to withstand harsh conditions. But that doesn’t mean that wireless security cameras do not have limitations. Range and network security are important attributes associated with wireless cameras that must be addressed.

Wireless Range

The first limitation is the range of the wireless signal. The distance between a camera receiver can be installed from the signal transmitter depends on many factors. The signal strength is determined by the power of the transmitter but a good receiver is also important. A typical receiver will need to be within the range of the transmitter’s signal but a booster on the receiving end could allow the camera to connect with a transmitter even when the signal is low. The reverse could also remedy the problem where a booster is used to improve the signal put out by the transmitter.

The wireless signals use a particular radio frequency which can be blocked by objections. To achieve optimal range there needs to be a clear path between transmitter and receiver but this is rarely the case and we would be so lucky if there is ever such a situation. Normally, objects will hinder the signal strength and limit range depending on the material of the object. Thick walls and metal objects are the most detrimental to a wireless signal.

Sometimes even weather can affect the range of the signal. This is something that requires a little more consideration because it might go unnoticed until a storm hits and high winds affect the radio waves from traveling properly. With due diligence and careful research these anomalies can be prevented.

Outdoor Power Source

Most wireless security cameras are not completely free from wires. The wireless part only applies to the transmitting of video data and there is still a need to be connected to a power source. Remember that this is an outdoor camera where unprotected components such as any power source connection could be damaged which would render the camera useless. It is also much harder to find a power outlet outdoors because building codes do not require a standard of accessible power sources.

One way around this if there are no outlets nearby is using an outdoor wireless security camera with a battery pack. This means that the battery levels must be monitored and the battery must be replaced or recharged regularly. The frequency of battery maintenance depends on battery capacity and the security camera’s power consumption. Another solution is using solar powered cameras or solar powered battery packs. In either case there is a battery that is recharged with solar power so that the battery pack does not have to be tended to.

If there are cables running from the battery pack to the camera or a power outlet or any other power source, it is important to remember that unprotected cables leave your security camera vulnerable. Protect them with cable casings or by running them inside a wall or ceiling.

Network Security

With any wireless network, the issue of access security is always prominent consideration. In an unsecured network any wireless device could connect to the network and access data being transmitted between your security camera and the rest of the security system. To prevent this there are different encryption and authorization systems. Using some security standard is important to protecting your entire network from unauthorized access.

Outdoor wireless security cameras really make the best use of wireless technology since it allows the owner to install a camera and monitor activity anywhere within a radius of the wireless signal.